Orthopedics as a branch of medicine deals with diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Congenital disorders, diseases and injuries in this area are diagnosed and treated. In addition to diagnosis and therapy, orthopedics also deals with the research, prevention and rehabilitation of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Welcome to the orthopedics of !
In the following you will find an overview of our pages on orthopedic diseases with detailed information on diseases of the joints, bones, tendons and ligaments that make up the musculoskeletal system.

Diseases of the shoulder

The shoulder joint is one of the most flexible joints in our body. The good mobility allows us a variety of movements in everyday life or during sports.However, the free movement of the joint naturally harbors the risk of dislocation (dislocation) or certain wear and tear diseases.
The most common shoulder diseases are therefore:

  • Lime shoulder
  • Impingement syndrome
  • Rotator cuff tear
  • Shoulder joint dislocation
  • Shoulder dislocation
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Bursitis in the shoulder
  • Bruised shoulder

Diseases of the elbow joint

The humerus head is articulated to the ulna and radius through the elbow joint. Overuse The following is an overview of the most common diseases of the elbow:

  • Tennis elbow
  • Golfer's elbow
  • Mouse arm
  • Bursitis on the elbow
  • Inflammation of the elbow
  • Elbow dislocation
  • Torn ligament on the elbow

Wrist disorders

Wrist diseases usually result from excessive stress on the joint. The main diseases of the wrist include:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Capsule tear
  • Inflammation of the wrist
  • Torn off the extensor tendon
  • Sudeck's disease
  • Dupuytren's disease
  • Joint swelling on the finger
  • Sprain of the thumb

Diseases of the spine

There are a wide variety of diseases affecting the spine. These include deformations that usually occur during growth. The following is an overview of the most common diseases of the spine:

  • disc prolapse
  • Intervertebral disc bulge
  • Cervicobrachialgia
  • Facet syndrome
  • Cervical spine syndrome
  • Lumbar spine syndrome
  • Lumbago
  • Scoliosis
  • ISG - blockage
  • Osteochondrosis
  • Hunchback
  • Hollow back
  • Degenerative spinal diseases

Hip joint diseases

The hip joint is the best secured joint in the body, which means that dislocations are rare. Most hip diseases are caused by malpositions. Below is a list of the most common diseases of the hip joint:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Hip impingement
  • Inflammation of the hip
  • Leg length difference
  • Pelvic inclination
  • Piriformis Syndrome
  • Bursitis of the hip
  • Runny nose
  • Trochanteric bursitis
  • Snapping hip

Diseases of the knee joint

The knee joint is often affected by sports injuries and degenerative diseases. The diseases and injuries of the knee joint at a glance:

  • Cruciate ligament tear
  • Meniscal tear
  • Runner's knees
  • Patellar tip syndrome
  • Patellar tendon tear
  • Outer ligament tear
  • Inner ligament tear
  • Kneecap dislocation
  • Bruise of the knee joint
  • Knee joint effusion
  • Sprain of the knee joint
  • Baker's cyst

Diseases of the ankle

In diseases of the ankle, a distinction can be made between congenital and malaligned feet and acquired such as torn ligaments. Below is an overview of the most common diseases of the ankle:

  • Achilles tendon tear
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Torn ligament on the foot
  • Ligament stretching on the foot
  • Heel spur
  • Misaligned feet
  • Inflammation of the foot
  • Swollen toe

Toe disorders

Many of the toe diseases are caused by the incorrect growth of the big toe, but there are also some caused by inflammatory processes or as a result of another disease. The most common toe diseases have been compiled for you at a glance:

  • hallux valgus
  • Hallux rigidus
  • Claw toes
  • Swollen toe
  • Cramps in your toes

Interactive from orthopedics

Take our great quiz about muscles, tendons and joints.

All about osteoarthritis

Arthrosis are degenerative changes in the joints that often lead to pain. Here you will find a list of the different types of arthritis according to the affected joint:

  • Osteoarthritis of the shoulder
  • Elbow osteoarthritis
  • Wrist osteoarthritis
  • Finger osteoarthritis
  • Hip osteoarthritis
  • Knee osteoarthritis
  • Ankle arthrosis
  • Symptoms of osteoarthritis
  • Cause of arthritis
  • Treatment of osteoarthritis

Diseases of the bones

In diseases of the bone, the mineral substance itself, the bone marrow or the periosteum can be affected. Below is an overview of the most common bone diseases:

  • Bruised bone
  • Periosteum inflammation
  • Bone pain
  • Inflammation in the bone
  • Bone chipping
  • Broken bone
  • Childish fracture
  • Osteonecrosis

The broken bone

There are many different types and locations of fractures. Here is an overview of the most important:

  • Fatigue fracture
  • Broken spoke
  • Radial head fracture
  • Femoral neck fracture
  • Vertebral fracture
  • Broken rib
  • Broken wrist
  • break of collarbone
  • broken foot

Orthopedic operations

In the event of severe injuries or chronic illnesses, surgery may be necessary. The most common orthopedic operations are listed here:

  • Rearrangement osteometry
  • Operative complications
  • Meniscal surgery
  • Operation of an anterior cruciate ligament tear
  • Operation of a herniated disc
  • Operation of a knee prosthesis
  • Operation of a hip prosthesis
  • Impingement syndrome surgery
  • Operation of a calcareous shoulder
  • Scoliosis surgery
  • Hallux valgus surgery

Further therapeutic measures from orthopedics

In addition to operations and drug treatment, there is a wide range of other therapeutic measures. These procedures are often used in orthopedic diseases:

  • Shock wave therapy
  • Hyaluronic acid treatment
  • Deposit supply
  • PRT
  • Physiotherapy / osteopathy
  • X-ray stimulation
  • acupuncture
  • Kinesio tape
  • Electrotherapy

The hamstring torn

If the muscles are overstretched or stressed too much, individual muscle fibers can tear. An overview of the most common muscle fiber tears:

  • Torn calf muscle
  • Torn hamstring of the thigh
  • Torn muscle fiber in the upper arm
  • Torn muscle fiber between the ribs
  • Torn muscle fiber in the abdomen
  • Torn muscle fiber of the shoulder
  • Torn muscle fiber in the buttocks
  • Torn muscle fiber in the back
  • Duration of a muscle fiber tear

The most common tendinitis

In the case of tendinitis, the tendon itself can become inflamed due to increased friction or the tendon sheath can be affected. You will also find an overview of the most common tendinitis:

  • Tendinitis
  • Tendinitis in the foot
  • Biceps tendonitis
  • Tendonitis in the knee
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Tendonitis on the bones
  • Tendinitis in the upper arm
  • Tendinitis in the thigh
  • Tendonitis in the metatarsus
  • Tendinitis in the elbow
Common symptoms from the field of orthopedics

Back pain

Back pain is widespread among the population. To find out everything about the causes and possible therapies, visit our back pain page.

Shoulder pain

Shoulder pain can severely limit those affected in everyday life. They often occur in connection with overload but also as a sign of wear and tear. Find out more on our shoulder pain page.

Pain in the elbow

Pain in the elbow can be caused by illness or injuries to the ligamentous apparatus, the bone or the bursa lying there. Read more about this: Pain in the elbow

Wrist pain

In the case of pain in the wrist, the location, intensity, and quality of the pain can often provide clues as to the cause. To read more about the causes, treatment of pain and much more, visit our Wrist Pain page.

Pain in the buttocks

Gluteal pain can occur at any age. In addition to sports injuries, possible causes include incorrect posture and prolonged sitting. You can find everything about this topic here: Pain in the buttocks

Hip pain

Hip pain occurs in different age groups and is more common in pregnancy. To read more about the possible causes of the pain, visit our Hip Pain page.

Knee pain

Knee pain is also very common and usually occurs in connection with degenerative diseases or sports injuries. Find out more on our page pain in the knee joint.

Pain in the ankle

There are many reasons for ankle pain. Some of the most common are improper loading or injuries during sports. You can read more about it on our page pain in the ankle.