Fluffy urine


Fluffy urine is defined as a consistency deviating from the norm and possibly the color of the urine that is excreted via the urinary tract. As a rule, the urine is slightly yellow and clear like water. The urochromes turn the waste product yellow. Urine also contains small amounts of urea, creatinine, salts, uric acid and hormones. Proteins are usually not excreted. Fluffy urine can be harmless or indicate protein precipitation, inflammation, and various diseases.


The causes of flakes in the urine can be of no disease value and often do not require any therapy. According to this, certain foods can temporarily change the composition and appearance of the urine. After a few waterings, the appearance usually returns to normal. In addition, insufficient fluid intake can lead to flocculent urine.

If, however, increased or permanent flocculent urine is excreted, this can be an indication of disorders and diseases. For example, an inflammation of the bladder, an inflammation of the prostate, an enlarged prostate, various kidney diseases, diabetes mellitus, gonorrhea (gonorrhea) or tuberculosis can imply flaky and cloudy urine. Urine flocculation often indicates an infection with fungi or trichomonads. In addition, drugs can change the composition of the urine and thus cause it to look flaky and cloudy.

With medication

Since drugs intervene in the body's biochemical procedures and processes, this can make itself felt in the excretion product. Medicines can affect urine pH and its balance of ingredients. Some drugs are passed through the kidneys, so the urine may be altered.


In some cases, urine must be drained through a urinary catheter. The catheter is a foreign body inside the body and can promote various inflammations. When a urinary catheter is placed, strict, conscientiously executed hygiene measures are absolutely necessary. These infections can, among other things, show up in an abnormal appearance of the urine.

Concomitant symptoms

Depending on the cause, various complaints can occur.

A causal lack of fluids can be associated with fatigue, headaches, and concentration and attention disorders. If a causative cystitis is responsible for the flaky and cloudy urine, certain typical side effects usually occur. With uncomplicated bladder infections, those affected suffer from a burning sensation when urinating. The urge to urinate is often increased, but only a few drops of water can be used. The technical term for this is pollakiuria. It can also cause pain in the lower abdomen.

In the case of a complicated cystitis, it is typical that in addition to the problems and pain of urination, fever and pounding pain can be provoked when tapping the kidney bed. In addition, fatigue and a general feeling of illness can occur. Men are less likely to develop cystitis. If this occurs, it is only in the complicated form. They are then often in the context of prostate disease. Symptoms can be similar to those seen in women. In addition, pain during bowel movements and pain in the perineal area may occur. A painful ejaculation can also be implicated in the context of a cystitis. But this happens relatively rarely. If the change in urine is due to an underlying disease, the side effects and symptoms typical of the disease usually occur.

Also read: Pain in the prostate or Problems urinating

Cloudy urine

The urine can be cloudy, especially if you have a bladder infection. In addition, the odor is often pungent. In addition, the urine can appear cloudy during pregnancy. Cloudy urine indicates that the urine contains high levels of one or more substances. These can be protein, leukocytes, bacteria, pus and mucus particles or blood cells. If there is protein in the urine, it indicates that the kidneys are not filtering enough of it. If the number of leukocytes, blood cells, bacteria, mucus and pus increases, this is a sign of inflammation.

You may also be interested in this topic: Blood in the urine - what are the causes?


If pain occurs, it should be closely monitored. Acute pain has a protective function and tells the body that something is wrong and communicates that attention and caution are required accordingly. They correlate with the trigger. This means that if, for example, inflammatory processes are in decline, the pain is usually also in decline. Different qualities and strengths of pain can occur in the context of disorders or diseases of the urinary tract system. Pain is always very individual.

Those affected often suffer from burning pain, especially when urinating. In addition, pain in the lower abdomen, in the perineal area and during bowel movements can also occur. In addition, itching can occur in the genital area. Pain and itching rarely occur at the same time. When inflammatory processes have progressed, the inflammation can spread to the kidney and cause kidney pain. In addition, kidney diseases, kidney disorders, kidney stones and kidney weakness can cause kidney pain. These should definitely be clarified by a doctor.

More on this: Pelvic inflammation


Treatment depends on the cause.

If there is a lack of fluids, fluids and electrolytes must be substituted. You should also find out the reason why the dehydration occurred. For example, dehydration in the elderly can be caused by an insufficient feeling of thirst and / or cognitive impairment. Depending on the cause, this should also be discussed and treated if necessary.

If there are underlying diseases, these must be treated with appropriate medicinal and non-medicinal measures. If a bladder infection is responsible for the symptoms, its treatment depends on various factors. There are home remedies, homeopathic remedies, and antibiotics to choose from. Certain measures are indicated depending on the type and degree of cystitis. The basis of all treatment options for a cystitis is to ensure the highest possible fluid intake so that the bacteria are flushed out through the urine. Another basic measure for a cystitis is to keep your abdomen warm.

You might also be interested in this topic: Cystitis therapy


The first step in the investigation is to interview the person concerned. If this person cannot provide any information for various reasons, the relatives are interviewed. The technical terms for this are personal and external anamnesis. Usually midstream urine is examined microscopically in the laboratory. If certain illnesses are suspected, appropriate investigations are initiated.

Read more about this: Urinalysis


The duration depends on the cause. If the cause is based on certain foods, the appearance of the urine usually normalizes after 1-2 days. In the event of a causal fluid loss, the composition of the urine regenerates as soon as fluid has been replenished appropriately. An uncomplicated cystitis takes an average of a week. Complicated cystitis can last 2-3 weeks. If this is treated adequately, the flaky and cloudy appearance of the urine usually disappears after a few days. The abnormal appearance of the urine may last longer if there is an underlying chronic disease or adverse circumstance.

Fluffy urine during pregnancy

Fluffy and cloudy urine can also be observed during pregnancy. The change in hormones can change the composition of the urine. A strong yellow color and a slightly sweet odor can indicate the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Cloudy urine can be the result of a changed diet during pregnancy. The composition of the urine can change, especially when people eat more and more milk products are consumed.

In addition, pregnant women are more likely to develop cystitis. According to statistics, about 15% of pregnant women develop cystitis. One suspects a connection with the hormonal change. In particular, if there is a disposition to develop a cystitis, there is an increased risk that the women affected will also suffer from cystitis during pregnancy. This inflammation can result, among other things, in cloudy, flaky urine. It is important that a doctor is contacted during pregnancy at the first sign of a bladder infection. Since pregnant women cannot take all medications, it is difficult and dangerous to treat advanced cystitis. In addition, cystitis during pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage or premature birth.

also read: Protein in urine during pregnancy or Diet in Pregnancy

Fluffy urine in the child

Even in children and toddlers, the composition of the urine can temporarily change for harmless reasons. As with adults, this can happen due to certain foods or insufficient fluid intake. But cloudy, flaky urine can also indicate deficiencies, disorders or illnesses. If an altered appearance of the urine occurs frequently, persists or if there are accompanying symptoms, a pediatrician should be consulted promptly.

If, in addition to the changed appearance of the urine, there is an urge to urinate and a burning pain when urinating, a pediatrician should be consulted on the same day. These are signs of a possible disruption or inflammation of the urinary tract that, if left untreated, can lead to irreversible damage. Children and toddlers cannot always express their complaints directly. Small children in particular cannot express their pain and discomfort in language; instead, they express it through their behavior. This means that they scream and whine more, some toddlers and children withdraw, others become more aggressive. In addition, they often refuse to drink if urination is painful. Furthermore, children and toddlers can have a faster and stronger fever with a urinary tract infection. In addition, toddlers and children may experience atypical symptoms. As a result, abdominal pain and nausea can be misinterpreted.

Read more on the subject at: Urinary tract infections in children - it's that dangerous!